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12 bộ đề thi thử Tiếng Anh THPT Quốc Gia năm 2018 có đáp án

tiếng anh đề thi thử tiếng anh 2018

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#1 ThichTiengAnh


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Đã gửi 02-12-2017 - 17:42

Vào những giai đoạn ôn luyện thi chuẩn bị cho kì thi THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Ạnh, việc học sinh ôn luyện qua các đề thi thử Tiếng Anh là rất cần thiết, giúp các bạn tổng hợp lại các kiến thức đã học và những mảng kiến thức cần ôn luyện bổ sung. Vì vậy, mình xin chia sẻ bộ đề thi thử Tiếng Anh năm 2018 mới nhất, bộ đề này gồm có 12 đề thi thử Tiếng Anh có đáp án và giải thích chi tiết cho các bạn tham khảo.




Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

For many people who live in cities, parks are an important part of the landscape. They provide a place for people to relax and play sports, as well as a refuge from the often harsh environment of a city. What people often overlook is that parks also provide considerable environmental benefits.

One benefit of parks is that plants absorb carbon dioxide—a key pollutant—and emit oxygen, which humans need to breathe. According to one study, an acre of trees can absorb the same amount of carbon dioxide that a typical car emits in 11,000 miles of driving. Parks also make cities cooler. Scientists have long noted what is called the Urban Heat Island Effect: building materials such as metal, concrete, and asphalt absorb much more of the sun’s heat and release it much more quickly than organic surfaces like trees and grass. Because city landscapes contain so much of these building materials, cities are usually warmer than surrounding rural areas. Parks and other green spaces help to mitigate the Urban Heat Island Effect.

Unfortunately, many cities cannot easily create more parks because most land is already being used for buildings, roads, parking lots, and other essential parts of the urban environment. However, cities could benefit from many of the positive effects of parks by encouraging citizens to create another type of green space: rooftop gardens. While most people would not think of starting a garden on their roof, human beings have been planting gardens on rooftops for thousands of years. Some rooftop gardens are very complex and require complicated engineering, but others are simple container gardens that anyone can create with the investment of a few hundred dollars and a few hours of work.

Rooftop gardens provide many of the same benefits as other urban park and garden spaces, but without taking up the much-needed land. Like parks, rooftop gardens help to replace carbon dioxide in the air with nourishing oxygen. They also help to lessen the Urban Heat Island Effect, which can save people money.

In the summer, rooftop gardens prevent buildings from absorbing heat from the sun, which can significantly reduce cooling bills. In the winter, gardens help hold in the heat that materials like brick and concrete radiate so quickly, leading to savings on heating bills. Rooftop vegetable and herb gardens can also provide fresh food for city dwellers, saving them money and making their diets healthier. Rooftop gardens are not only something everyone can enjoy, they are also a smart environmental investment.

Question 36: Based on its use in paragraph 2, it can be inferred that mitigate belongs to which of the following word groups?

  1. exacerbate, aggravate, intensify B. obliterate, destroy, annihilate
  2. allay, alleviate, reduce D. absorb, intake, consume

Question 37: Using the information in paragraph 2 as a guide, it can be inferred that_______ .

  1. cities with rooftop gardens are cooler than those without rooftop gardens
  2. some plants are not suitable for growth in rooftop gardens
  3. most people prefer parks to rooftop gardens
  4. most people prefer life in the country over life in the city

Question 38: Based on the information in paragraph 3, which of the following best describes the main difference between parks and rooftop gardens?

  1. Parks are expensive to create while rooftop gardens are not.
  2. Parks are public while rooftop gardens are private.
  3. Parks absorb heat while rooftop gardens do not.
  4. Parks require much space while rooftop gardens do not.

Question 39: The author claims all of the following to be the benefits of rooftop gardens except ______

  1. increased space for private relaxation B. savings on heating and cooling costs C. better food for city dwellers D. improved air quality

Question 40: According to the author, one advantage that rooftop gardens have over parks is that they

  1. decrease the Urban Heat Island Effect B. replenish the air with nourishing oxygen
  2. do not require the use of valuable urban land D. are less expensive than traditional park spaces

Question 41: The author’s tone in the passage is best described as________

  1. descriptive B. passionate C. informative D. argumentative

Question 42: It can be inferred from the passage that the author would most likely endorse a program that

  1. permitted the construction of buildings in city park land provided they have rooftop gardens
  2. extended discounts on plants to customers who use them to create rooftop gardens
  3. offered free admission to schools willing to take their students on field trips to the city park
  4. promised vacation getaways to cooler destinations for those trapped in the city at the peak of summer

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

One of the most interesting authors of the twentieth century, J.R.R Tolkien, achieved fame through his highly inventive trilogy, The Lord of the Rings. Born in 1892, Tolkien received his education from Oxford and then served in World War I. After the war, he became a professor of Anglo -Saxon and English language and literature at Oxford University.

Although published in 1965, the three books that comprise the Lord of the Rings were written in intervals from 1936 to 1949. This was mainly due to Tolkien’s responsibilities as a professor and the outbreak of World War II. By the late 1960s, this fascinating trilogy had become a sociological phenomenon as young people intently studied the mythology and legends created by Tolkien.

The trilogy is remarkable not only for its highly developed account of historical fiction but also its success as a modern heroic epic. The main plot describes the struggle between good and evil kingdom as they try to acquire a magic ring that has the power to rule the world. The novels, which are set in a time called Middle Earth, describe a detailed fantasy world. Established before humans populated the Earth, Middle Earth was inhabited by good and evil creatures such as hobbits, elves, monsters, wizards, and some humans. The characters and the setting of Middle Earth were modeled after mythological stories from Greece and Northern Europe.

Although readers have scrutinized the texts for inner meaning and have tried to connect the trilogy with Tolkien’s real life experiences in England during World War II, he denied the connection. He claims that the story began in his years as an undergraduate student and grew out of his desire to create mythology and legends about elves and their language.

Tolkien was a masterful fantasy novelist who used his extensive knowledge of folklore to create a body of work that is still read and enjoyed throughout the world today.

Question 43: What can we assume is NOT true about Middle Earth?

  1. Middle Earth was based on European folktales B. Middle Earth was a fictional world
  2. The good and evil kingdom fought for the power D. People dominated Middle Earth

Question 44: The word “scrutinized” in the fourth paragraph could be replaced by_______ .

  1. examined B. denied C. enjoyed D. criticized

Question 45: What does this paragraph mainly discuss?

  1. J.R.R Tolkien’s work as a professor B. All of J.R.R Tolkien’s fantasy books
  2. J.R.R Tolkien and his trilogy D. The popularity of J.R.R Tolkien

Question 46: According to the passage, when did “the Lord of the Rings” trilogy become popular with young people?

  1. In the late 1960s B. After World War II
  2. In 1892 D. Between 1936 and 1946

Question 47: When did Tolkien begin to create this trilogy?

  1. When he was a student B. During World War I
  2. When he was a professor D. During World War II

Question 48: What does the word “trilogy” in the first paragraph mean?

  1. A specific type of fantasy novel B. A long novel
  2. A group of three literary books D. An unrelated group of books

Question 49: What is the setting of Tolkien’s trilogy?

  1. Modern – day Greece B. England in the 1800’s
  2. Oxford University D. Middle Earth

Question 50: The word “fascinating” in the second paragraph could be replaced by______ .

  1. thrilling B. extremely interesting C. boring D. terrifying


1.B 2.C 3.D 4.C 5.C 6.C 7.D 8.A 9.A 10.C 11.A 12.C 13.C 14.C 15.B 16.B 17.B 18.B 19.A 20.B 21.C 22.D 23.D 24.B 25.A 26.B 27.C 28.A 29.B 30.A 31.D 32.A 33.D 34.A 35.C 36.C 37.A 38.D 39.A 40.C 41.C 42.B 43.D 44.A 45.C 46.A 47.A 48.C 49.D 50.B

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